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印尼:特色竹桥 竹建筑

作者:admin 发布时间:2016-08-09 浏览次数:19次

项目介绍:

建筑师: ASF-ID
位置: Solo, Central Java, Indonesia
年份: 2017.6.2

建筑师: Andrea Fitrianto, Klaus Dengen, Sisca Pramudya
顾问: Altho Sagara, Prastyatama Budians, Anastasia Maurina
摄影师: ASF-ID, Timlo

作为2016年10月第二届竹构双年展的一部分,中爪哇省(Central Java)的梭罗(Solo)市接收了一座由无国界建筑师印尼分部(Indonesian Architects Without Borders,ASF-ID)捐赠的竹桥。18米长的竹结构将Pasar Gede集市和Dutch Vastenburg Fort地区,在古老的印尼城市中复兴了河岸生活。爪哇居民可以穿过这座宽度在1.8至2.3米的人行桥横跨Kali Pepe河。

As part of the second Bamboo Construction Biennale in October 2016, the city of Solo in Central Java received a bamboo bridge donated by Indonesian Architects Without Borders (ASF-ID). The 18-metre-long bamboo structure revives riparian life in the ancient Indonesian city of Pasar Gede Bazaar and Dutch Vastenburg Fort. Javanese residents can cross the Kali Pepe River across this footbridge, which is 1.8 to 2.3 meters wide.

随着这个项目,竹子被引入了公共基础设施建造的备选材料。作为设计初始阶段一部分的比例模型在Parahyangan Catholic University的工程实验室接受测试。接着,来自Yogyakarta的木匠在10至12月进行建造和组装。附近Kampung Ketandan社区的支持,为建筑工人和志愿者提供住宿,也对项目成功建造起到了重要作用。

Along with the project, bamboo was introduced as an alternative material for the construction of public infrastructure. A scale model, part of the initial design phase, was tested at the Parahyangan Catholic University’s engineering laboratory. Carpenters from Yogyakarta then build and assemble in October-December. The support of the nearby Kampung Ketandan community, which provided accommodation for construction workers and volunteers, also played an important role in the success of the project.

由按固定尺寸切割、用镀锌钢螺栓连接的大尺寸竹柱所构成的桥的主拱在停车场组装完成,之后由活动起重机将其安装在基础之上。等距的垂直承重构件和拱一起,为顶棚结构提供了额外的支撑。为了延长桥的使用寿命,地面由钢筋混凝土构成,而顶棚的屋檐在雨季为做过防虫处理的培东竹遮风挡雨。

The main arch of the bridge, consisting of large bamboo columns cut at fixed dimensions and bolted together with galvanized steel, was assembled in the parking lot and then mounted on the foundation by mobile cranes. Equidistant vertical load-bearing members, together with the arches, provide additional support for the ceiling structure. To extend the service life of the bridge, the ground is made of reinforced concrete, while the eaves of the roof are sheltered from the wind and rain during the rainy season by peidong bamboo, which has been treated with pest control.

由于其结构性质和高速生长的特性,竹子作为一种可持续建筑材料日益受到欢迎。建筑师的一个主要目标是将这种富有张力和灵活性的植物用于建造的可能性实例化。尽管印度尼西亚竹子资源丰富,竹子还是最常被认为是候补的建材。随着发展的社会为可持续建筑培养了语言环境,像这座前无古人的桥一样的竹材基础设施项目将会成为愈加重要的参考标准。

Bamboo is becoming increasingly popular as a sustainable building material due to its structural properties and high growth rate. One of the architects’ main goals was to instantiate the possibilities of using this plant for construction, which is full of tension and flexibility. Despite the abundance of bamboo in Indonesia, it is most often considered an alternative building material. Bamboo infrastructure projects like this unprecedented bridge will become an increasingly important reference as evolving societies foster a linguistic environment for sustainable architecture.

现场施工图:

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