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加纳:Apam 露天剧院 竹景观

作者:admin 发布时间:2016-02-14 浏览次数:58次

项目介绍:

建筑设计:[applied] Foreign Affairs

类型:剧院/公共建筑

城市:Apam
国家:加纳
面积:1200 平方
时间:2016年
摄影:Julien Lanoo
主创建筑师:Baerbel Mueller
设计团队:Christian Car, Joseph Hofmarcher

来自建筑事务所的描述:Haduwa艺术文化学院位于加纳中部地区的大西洋沿岸,这是开放且独立的艺术、文化教学研究机构,[applied] Foreign Affairs受邀为其设计一座露天舞台竹建筑

Text description provided by the architects. Located on the Atlantic coast of Ghana′s Central Region, the Haduwa Arts & Culture Institute is an open institution for independent artistic, cultural, and pedagogic experimentation. [applied] Foreign Affairs has been invited to conceptualize and design a stage for the future initiatives of Haduwa.

建筑师设计了位于场地海滨的景观屋面,大尺度的竹子结构是场地中的重要标志,巨大的圆顶有着三个面向不同方向的拱门,展现出全新的开放空间形式,建筑能够遮风挡雨,这是其主要空间特点。

The resulting design is a roofscape and floors-cape located on the ocean borderline of the terrain. The large-scale bamboo structure is a significant landmark in its context. A giant dome with three arches facing in different directions, it presents a typologically new form of open space. One of its spatial qualities is that it combines protection from and inclusion of external elements such as sun, wind, and rainfall.

建筑的主要结构来自于由竹子建造而成的壳体,竹子是世界上应用较为广泛,且强度也很大的材料,建筑的几何形态取决于竹子的材质、结构、技术,以及空间潜力的影响,这座建筑很好地成为了加纳当地的可持续作品,而这个项目也有望让加纳加入“竹子建筑的世界版图”之中。在该项目中,建筑师和当地的工人、专家进行了密切合作。

The primary structure is a grid shell consisting solely of bamboo – one of the most versatile and strongest materials on planet Earth. Its geometry has been informed by the material quality of bamboo and its structural, technical, and spatial potentials. Constructing with bamboo is also meant to foster the reputation of sustainable architecture in Ghana. In this regard, the aim of the project is “to put Ghana on the world map of bamboo” (Jörg Stamm). The project was built by the authors themselves, together with local experts and workers.

将竹子用作有机建筑材料给当地的建筑带来了更多可能性,同时也给全新的设计与规划策略带来了新契机,竹子通过高度弯曲的形态构成了壳体的形式,整座建筑由41个拱形而构成。

Using bamboo as an organic building material gives rise to new possibilities for local architecture, at the same time, it grants opportunities for new means of design and planning. Bamboo and its high flexure actively defines the form of the grid shell, which consists of 41 arches.

为了避免腐蚀,建筑师将竹钉用于固定这些拱形元素,所有的竹子都经过了化学处理,然后在其外部覆盖了一层坚硬的表皮,这能够帮助抵御强风,减少雨水和阳光对于材料的影响。

The use of metal elements for joinery was avoided to prevent corrosion, which occurs a great deal in the salty climate of Ghana′s Atlantic coast location. Instead, thousands of bamboo nails were produced and used on site to construct and join the bamboo arches. All the bamboo culms were treated with Borax, later, the primary structure was covered with a strong skin that could endure the strong wind forces, and that protects the bamboo from tropical rainfall and constant sun radiation.

建筑所应用的竹子种类在加纳地区的建筑使用中并不常见,因此这也是一种生物和结构上的挑战。建筑师希望能够挑战其潜力,从而成为竹子建筑的代表。

To build with culms of Bambusa vulgaris – one of the few “constructive” bamboo species available in Ghana – is a biological and structural challenge. The aim was to test the limits of its potentials, and to set an extraordinary example for bamboo architecture.

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